Cranes are robust, stable, efficient and cost-effective solutions to lifting problems. These machines handle the loading and unloading of items in the construction and manufacturing sectors. If your project needs a crane, ensure it is safe when in operation or storage. This piece discusses several safety tips necessary when using cranes.
Crane selection is a significant decision that ensures the safety of your workers and equipment. Every crane has a suitable application depending on its design. For example, crawler cranes are appropriate to use in soft terrain. This mobile crane uses rubber wheels that would not handle rough terrain well. Such a decision can help prevent accidents caused by slipping.
In addition, you must consider the interaction of your crane with the environment. For example, rough-terrain cranes require a trailer to transport them on public roads. You should take time to work out the logistics, and you need to factor in the safety of other road users and public utilities such as roads, drainage and cables. These considerations increase the safety of your project.
Cranes must have a daily inspection to ensure they are safe. For example, you can inspect the crane's hydraulic system, air reservoir, suspension and other aspects before starting every day. These features may seem insignificant, but they can prevent failure and accidents. In addition, routine checks may reveal signs of a more significant problem with the crane's critical parts.
Some of the significant critical safety parts in cranes are the anti-two-block and outriggers. The anti-two-block system helps prevent contact between the ball block and boom tip, which could damage the crane and cause accidents. Outriggers ensure the crane's stability by distributing the load across a wide ground. Hence, ensure these safety systems are functional before starting the crane.
Different distractions can cause accidents when using a crane. For example, people and vehicles crossing the area can distract the driver. You can reduce traffic on the site when using the crane or temporarily direct people away from the crane during operation. The only necessary people around the machine are the person directing the driver, the driver and an inspector.
Eliminate all nearby clutter and provide a clear path for the crane. For example, do not operate the crane near powerlines. The crane operator should also have an assistant to direct them through the site when in operation. This individual warns the operator about the surrounding areas and helps them avoid objects that could be in their blind zones.
Proper crane selection, inspection and site preparation can help you maintain a safe workplace when using a crane.
Contact a professional for more information about cranes.